Islet Cell Antibody

Islet cells are insulin producing beta cells of pancreas. When they are damaged for any reason, islet cell antibodies appear in blood. Test is important because it can be used as an early marker for beta cell damage. The test is a good clue for patient’s risk of developing Type 1 Diabetes.
Interpretation:If islet cells autoimmunity is detected, the antigens produced in the cells are attacked by the antibodies. These antibodies are Insulin, GAD65, IA-2 and Zn-TB. Persistence of antibodies must be consecutive in two samplings and tests. Antibodies mistakely target and react with these antigens necessary for insulin secretion thus developing Diabetes Type 1.
Sample: Arm vein blood. Nonfasting
Working day: Tuesday ,Thursday
Result Time: Next day 6:00 PM