Sperm Analysis

Sperm Analysis: Sperm analysis are spesific tests designed to investigate the causes of male infertility.The results of these tests are  related to the sperm counts, motilities and morphologies. Additionally, they also define some physiologic properties of the semen fluid whcih contain the sperm cells. These properties are liquifaction time, colour, acidity, antibodies in semen, mucus etc. These tests cover the 50% of the causes of male infertility. They also give information about the clinical results of vasectomy where obstructions of the ducts of the testis are opened surgically.

There is a good cooperation between the laboratory and the doctor who is traeating the infertile couple with IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) procedure where the laboratory seperates the high quality and motile spermatozoa, concentrates them and  sends to the doctor who injects this concentrate close to the mature eggs of the female by using a catether to facilitate the fertilization procedure . This procedure is called as Sperm Washing in the laboratory.

It is obvious that this branch of the clinical laboratory is all about a particular clinical situation to be considered under a main topic.

The parameters that sperm analysis are important are;

  • Spermiogram
  • Kruger (Sperm morphology)
  • Semen Analysis
  • Sperm washing