Sweat Test

This is a test to diagnose Cystic Fibrosis. Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease giving severe harm to lungs, gastrointestinal system and other organs. It is caused by a mutation or a defective code of a protein (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator-CFTR) belonging to the cells which are responsible for secretive functions. Normally, the secretions of these cells are thin and slippery. This property provides lungs elasticity and lubricity to achieve easy breathing. However, in case of cystic fibrosis the secretion becomes more sticky and thick. This results in plugs and blockages of tubes, ducts and airways thus, affecting the transmission functions of secretion components (especally chlorine) of cells. Mucus starts to accumulate in organs, primarily lungs and pancreas,  preventing the functions of the related organs.
The early and simple  test is the Sweat test where chlorine is measured by means of an instrument placed on the baby’s arm and the collected sweat is measured for chlorine content. . Values over 60 will be diagnosed as Cystic Fibrosis.
Sample: Sweat (Sample is achieved at the laboratory)
Working day: Everyday.
Result Time: The same day.