Insulin Resistance (Homa Insulin, Homa IR)

Insulin is a hormone secreted by the beta islet cells of the pancreas immediately after ingestion of food to perform its function in digestion. Insulin hormone is responsible of facilitating carbohydrate (the smallest component is glucose) intake of the cells, in order to use it for energy generation. If this procedure is restricted because of any reason regarding insulin hormone absence, insufficiency or blocked passage into the cell (insulin resistance), the cellular metabolism will be disrupted because of energy deprivation within the cell.
Interpretation:If the hormone insulin is completely lacking or structurally unable to function, this is the cause of Type I Diabetes, a familial inheritance that can occur at young age and requires the intake of insulin from outside. Type II Diabetes, on the other hand, is a problem that manifests itself with diabetes symptoms that develop due to both high fat accumulation (overweight) and any cause that prevents the passage of insulin into the cell membrane. If left untreated, it turns into Type I Diabetes. Although this is called the insulin resistance or Homa Insulin which the fastest test to give the idea of Type II diabetes, further tests such as standard oral glucose ingestion and reactive insulin response (Oral Glucose Tolerance Test) may be needed to accurately define the endocrine diagnosis of Diabetes.
Sample: Arm venous bloos. Fasting.
Working day: Everyday
Result Time: The same day at 6 PM