Biochemical tests are diagnostic methods of molecular and cellular chemical reactions (metabolism) by combining chemical, biological, physiological sciences. They give the information of the step of the metabolic disorder caused during the course of these metabolic reactions. Biochemistry science, applies spesific diagnostic techniques to define the clinical cause of that spesific health problem and gives the tool to the clinician to reach the correct diagnosis and treatment. These tests may give either the activities of the enzymes which catalyze those reactions or the amounts of the substrates (amino acids, lipids carbohydrates etc ), vitamins and minerals that take part in realizing the proper progress of that metabolic reaction. Moreover, they give the information whether these compounds are used efficiently in that metabolic process. Biochemistry examines the organelle spesific metabolic reactions and give information to the clinician to find out the source and severity of the health problem.

Other than scientific researches, the branch of Clinical Biochemisty help the clinican to reach the correct diagnosis and follow up the treatment.

Biochemical tests give the productivity of the metabolic reaction and the amounts, activities and causes of the disorders of that reaction.

Biochemical tests are done with spesifically designed and standardized  instruments by using physics, chemistry, biology and medical knowledge.

Biochemical tests may be classiified according to these following clinical topics;

  • Blood Gasses
  • Cardiac Markers
  • Coaglometric Chemical Parameters
  • Drug levels
  • Metabolic and Screening Tests
  • Toxicology
  • Urine Analysis
  • Electrolytes
  • Electrophoretic Tests
  • Enzymatic Analyses