Hematology is a branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of blood and blood-related diseases. This field focuses on the structure, function, and disorders of blood cells and also encompasses the mechanisms of blood clotting and various blood diseases. The work in this field enables the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases.

Hematology is one of the most dynamic and important areas of modern medicine. Hematologists aim to identify the causes of diseases and develop appropriate treatment plans through methods such as blood tests, biochemical analyses, and genetic studies. Advanced treatment methods such as chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation in cancer treatment are also included in this field, with innovations aiming to improve the quality of life for patients.

What is Hematology?

Hematology (the science of blood) deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of blood diseases and disorders. This field examines the functioning of blood cells, blood-forming organs, and blood clotting mechanisms. Covering a wide range of diseases from cancer to anemia, clotting disorders to leukemia, hematology also brings together many different disciplines.

Laboratory tests are vital in the diagnosis of hematologic diseases. Blood counts, bone marrow biopsies, and various biochemical tests ensure the accurate identification of diseases. With these tests, hematologists can plan the treatment processes of patients in detail.

Blood-related diseases are also closely associated with internal medicine. Internal medicine specialists evaluate the overall health status of patients with hematological problems and determine the necessary treatment methods. This collaboration ensures that patients receive more comprehensive and holistic health care.


Pediatric hematology is a sub-specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of blood diseases in children. Pediatric hematologists specialize in the management of congenital blood diseases, leukemia, and other hematologic disorders. Pediatric hematology pays special attention to children’s growth and development processes and shapes treatment plans accordingly.

New treatment methods, genetic research, and advanced laboratory techniques have led to significant progress in the treatment of hematologic diseases. The importance of this field becomes more evident considering the prevalence of blood diseases and their impact on quality of life.

What Does Hematology Cover?

The science of blood deals with the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. This field covers various issues from numerical and structural abnormalities of blood cells to clotting disorders, bone marrow diseases, and blood cancers.

Blood tests and other laboratory analyses play a crucial role in this process. The early diagnosis and accurate treatment planning of blood diseases are critical in improving patients’ quality of life and life expectancy.

What Tests Are Performed in Hematology?

The main tests performed in hematology are:

Complete Blood Count (CBC): Used to determine the number and ratios of blood cells.

Peripheral Smear: Involves examining blood cells under a microscope.

Bone Marrow Biopsy: Examination and evaluation of bone marrow tissue.

Coagulation Tests: Tests conducted to measure the blood’s clotting capacity.

Coagulation Tests: Tests conducted to measure the blood’s clotting capacity.

The science of blood diseases continuously evolves with genetic research and advanced laboratory techniques. Significant progress has been made in the treatment of blood diseases through new treatment methods and more precise diagnostic techniques. Hematologic examinations are conducted with a multidisciplinary approach to protect and improve patients’ overall health.